25. TRIPURA is strategically situated between the river valleys of Myanmar and Bangladesh. Encircled almost on three sides by Bangladesh, it is linked with Assam and Mizoram in the North-East Its total area is 10,491.69 sq km with a total population of 3,199,203.Agartala is the capital city and the principal Languages spoken in the state are Bengali and Kokborak
History and Geography
Tripura has a long historic past, a unique tribal culture and a fascinating folklore. The history of Tripura is based on the 'Rajmala' chronicles of king Tripura and writings of other Mohammedan historians. There are references of Tripura even in Mahabharata and Puranas. According to 'Rajmala', the rulers were known by the surname 'Fa' meaning 'father'. There is a reference to rulers of Bengal helping Tripura kings in the 14th century. Kings of Tripura had to face frequent Mughal invasions with varying successes. They defeated the Mohammedan Sultans of Bengal in several battles. Nineteenth century marked the beginning of the modern era in Tripura, when king Maharaja Birchandra Kishore Manikya Bahadur modelled his administrative set-up on the British India pattern and brought in various reforms. His successors ruled Tripura till 15 October, 1949, when it merged with the Indian Union. Initially, a part 'C' state, it became a centrally administered territory with the reorganisation of states in 1956. In 1972, Tripura attained the status of a full-fledged state.
Irrigation and Power
Tripura has about 2,80,000 hectares of land that is cultivable. As on 31 March 2005 an area of 82,005 hectares of land has been brought under assured irrigation by providing lift irrigation, deep tube well, diversion, medium irrigation, shallow tube wells and pump sets. This is about 29.29 per cent of the cultivable land in the state. 1269 L.I. Schemes, 160 deep tube wells, 27 diversion schemes have been completed and 3 medium irrigation schemes, namely, (i) Gumti (ii) Khowai and (iii) Manu are providing irrigation water to the part portion of the command areas as canal system has not been completed. The present highest peak demand of power in the State is around 162 MW Power available now from own generating stations is around 70 MW. About 50 MW power is being imported from the State's allocated share from the Central Sector power generating stations in the NE-Region. Thus, the total available power is about 120 MW, leaving a shartfall of about 42 MW during peak hours. This deficit is currently being managed by shedding lead in a sequential manner for about 1(one) to 1/1-2 (one and half) hour in the evening throughout the State.
Tourism The important tourist centres are : (a) West-south Tripura Tourism Circuit: (i) Agartala (ii) Kamalsagar (iii) Sepahijala (iv) Neermahal (v) Udaipur (vi) Pilak (vii) Mahamuni (b) West-North Tripura Tourism Circuit: (i) Agartala (ii) Unokuti (iii) Jampui Hill. Tourism Festival include (i) Orange and tourism Festival-Vangmun (ii) Unokuti Tourism Festival (iii) Neermahal Tourism Festival (iv) Pilak Tourism Festival. Cultural Religious Festival: (i) Makar Sankranti at Thirthamukh and Unokoti (ii) Holi (iii) Ashokashtami at Unokoti, Brahmakunda (Mohanpur) (iv) Rash (v) Bengali New Year (vi) Garia, Dhamail, Biju and Hojgiri Festival, (vii) Boat Race and Manasa Mangal Festival (viii) Ker and Khachi Festival (ix) Durgapuja (x) Diwali (xi) Christmas at Jampuri Hills (xii) Budha Purnima (xiii) Rabindra-Najrul-Sukanta Utsav (xiv) Street Drama Festival (xv) Chongpreng Utsav (xvi) Khumpuli Festival (xvii) Wah Festival (xviii) Folk Cultural Festival (Loko Utsav) (xix) Murasing Festival (xx) Sanghati Festival (xxi) Baishakhi Festival (Sabroom), etc are celebrated