The Union of India as it exist today comprises of 28 states and 7 union territories.This present organisation of the land has been a product of a long evolutionary process of reorganisation that saw its last set of changes in 2000. Givent below is the alphabetical list of the states and union territories of india and how ans when were their present shape territories have been defined in the consititution .

THE STATES


1. Andhra Pradesh The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Andhra State Act, 1953, sub-section (1) of section 3 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the First Schedule to the Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1959, and the Schedule to the Andhra Pradesh and Mysore (Transfer of Territory) Act, 1968, but excluding the territories specified in the Second Schedule to the Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1959.

2. Arunachal Pradesh The territories specified in section 7 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.

3. Assam The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were comprised in the Province of Assam, the Khasi States and the Assam Tribal Areas, but excluding the territories specified in the Schedule to the Assam (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1951 and the territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the State of Nagaland Act, 1962 and the territories specified in sections 5, 6 and 7 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971

4. Bihar The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were either comprised in the Province of Bihar or were being administered as if they formed part of that Province and the territories specified in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1968, but excluding the territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act, 1956, and the territories specified in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 3 of the first mentioned Act and the territories specified in section 3 of the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000.

5. Chhattisgarh The territories specified in section 3 of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000.

6. Goa The territories specified in section 3 of the Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganisation Act, 1987.

7. Gujarat The territories referred to in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.

8. Haryana The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 and the territories specified in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Haryana and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1979, but excluding the territories specified in clause (v) of subsection (1) of section 4 of that Act.

9. Himachal Pradesh The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were being administered as if they were Chief Commissioners’ Provinces under the names of Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur and the territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 5 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.

10. Jharkhand The territories specified in section 3 of the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000.

11. Jammu and Kashmir The territory which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution was comprised in the Indian State of Jammu and Kashmir

12. Karnataka The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 7 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 but excluding the territory specified in the Schedule to the Andhra Pradesh and Mysore (Transfer of Territory) Act, 1968.

13. Kerala The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 5 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

14. Madhya Pradesh The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 9 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 and the First Schedule to the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (Transfer of Territories) Act, 1959 but excluding the territories specified in section 3 of the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000.

15. Maharashtra The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 8 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, but excluding the territories referred to in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.

16. Manipur The territory which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution was being administered as if it were a Chief Commissioner’s Province under the name of Manipur.

17. Meghalaya The territories specified in section 5 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.

18. Mizoram The territories specified in section 6 of the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971

19. Nagaland The territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 of the State of Nagaland Act, 1962.

20. Orissa The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were either comprised in the Province of Orissa or were being administered as if they formed part of that Province.

21. Punjab The territories specified in section 11 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 and the territories referred to in Part II of the First Schedule to the Acquired Territories (Merger) Act, 1960 but excluding the territories referred to in Part II of the First Schedule to the Constitution (Ninth Amendment) Act, 1960 and the territories specified in subsection (1) of section 3, section 4 and sub-section (1) section 5 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.

22. Rajasthan The territories specified in section 10 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 but excluding the territories specified in the First Schedule to the Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh (Transfer of Territories) Act, 1959.

23. Sikkim The territories which immediately before the commencement of the Constitution (Thirty-sixth Amendment) Act, 1975, were comprised in Sikkim.

24. Tamil Nadu The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were either comprised in the Province of Madras or were being administered as if they formed part of that Province and the territories specified in section 4 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, and the Second Schedule to the Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1959, but excluding the territories specified in sub-section (1) of section 3 and sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Andhra State Act, 1953 and the territories specified in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 5, section 6 and clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 7 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 and the territories specified in the First Schedule to the Andhra Pradesh and Madras (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1959.

25.Tripura The territory which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution was being administered as if it were a Chief Commissioner’s Province under the name of Tripura.

26. Uttar Pradesh The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were either comprised in the Province known as the United Provinces or were being administered as if they formed part of that Province, the territories specified in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1968, and the territories specified in clause (b) of sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Haryana and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1979, but excluding the territories specified in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 3 of the Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1968, and the territories specified in section 3 of the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 and the territories specified in clause (a) of sub-section (1) of section 4 of the Haryana and Uttar Pradesh (Alteration of Boundaries) Act, 1979.

27. Uttaranchal The territories specified in section 3 of the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000

28. West Bengal The territories which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution were either comprised in the Province of West Bengal or were being administered as if they formed part of that Province and the territory of Chandernagore as defined in clause (c) of section 2 of the Chandernagore (Merger) Act, 1954 and also the territories specified in subsection (1) of section 3 of the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act, 1956.

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II. THE UNION TERRITORIES

1.The Andaman and Nicobar IslandsThe territory which immediately before the commencement of Nicobar Islands this Constitution was comprised in the Chief Commissioner’s Province of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

2 . Chandigarh The territories specified in section 4 of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.

3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli The territory which immediately before the eleventh day of Nagar Haveli August 1961 was comprised in Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli.

4. Daman and Diu The territories specified in section 4 of the Goa, Daman and Diu Reorganisation Act, 1987.

5. Delhi The territory which immediately before the commencement of this Constitution was comprised in the Chief Commissioner’s Province of Delh

6. Lakshadweep The territory specified in section 6 of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.

7. Pondicherry The territories which immediately before the sixteenth day of August, 1962, were comprised in the French Establishments in India known as Pondicherry, Karikal, Mahe and Yanam.